Youth population in Asia and the Pacific area accounts for 55% of global youth population. Since the financial crisis in 2008, youth employment in the Southeast Asia and South Asia has undergone severe shock due to weak global economic environment. According to ILO statistics, the highest youth unemployment rate in the Southeast Asia in 2012 was 9% and the year-on-year growth of youth unemployment rate in the South Asia was 1.7%, which, in other words, meant 1.2 million more unemployed youth than that of 2008. Besides, phenomenon of boomerang child (youth who neither go to college nor go to work) was a serious issue bothering decision makers of the area. In Bangladesh, Indonesia and Philippines, more than one fourth of the youth population was boomerang children.
Youth employment is a global puzzle. As a developing country, China has been facing long-term challenges and tasks. Chinese government pursues employment priority strategy and policy, putting youth employment especially employment issues of college students in the first place. In recent years, a series of relevant laws and policies have been enacted to cope with the negative influence of financial crisis on youth employment, which made great progress.
The team of “Research on Chinese Youth Employment Policies” project conducted deep research, analysis and discussion on six laws and plans and the supporting files, including Law of the People's Republic of China on Promotion of Employment, Employment Promotion Plan(2011-2015), The Twelfth Five-Year Plan for National System of Basic Public Services of the People’s Republic of China, National Medium and Long-term Talents Development Programm(2010-2020), 12th Five-Year Plan of Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security
, National Outline for Medium and Long-Term Education Reform and Development (2010-2020). The team also classified and analyzed relative fragmented laws and policies on the youth employment group in these files referring to ILO’s six provisions of researching youth employment group (Macroeconomic and Sectoral policies, Enterprise Development, Education and Training, Labour Demand, Labour Law and Legislation, Labour Market Policy), and then made a presentation using six systematic and structured English electronic questionnaires, which can be found on the ILO website by clicking on the map of youth employment policies.
“Research on Chinese Youth Employment Policies” for the first time summarized and presented various important policies and measures of Chinese government on promoting youth employment for countries worldwide by using electronic questionnaires and map, which will certainly provide beneficial support and help for global especially Asian governments on coping with sharp challenges of labor market, researching and formulating solutions to youth employment issues.
Postgraduate student of SLHR, RUC Chunkai Liu, undergraduate student Mengyao Deng, Xiaozhou Su, Mina Wang, and undergraduate student of Harvard University Tian Zeng also participated in the process of researching the relevant youth employment policies, literatures organizing, policies classification, discussion and translation in this project.
Related link: www.ilo.org/youthpol-eanalysis